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1) Punishment from Allah (swt) is a result of man willingly disregarding divine guidance and not listening to the call of the ''outer'' and "inner" messengers.

2) The knowledge of Allah (swt) regarding the way His creatures will act in different situations, does not interfere with them being forced to choose the action in question, and in other words, Allah&#...


1) Punishment from Allah (swt) is a result of man willingly disregarding divine guidance and not listening to the call of the ''outer'' and "inner" messengers.
2) The knowledge of Allah (swt) regarding the way His creatures will act in different situations, in no way results in them being forced to take that method of action, and in other words, Allah's know...


Your question can be answered by understanding the real meaning of freewill. Freewill means the ability to choose good or bad without any influence from anybody or any factor or reason but out of one’s own decision. The choice to be good or to be bad is a result of many factors, all of them directly related to the one who decides and not to anybody or anything else. Some of these factors ...


It can't be denied that human has authority over doing or giving up an act according to the power which God has bestowed on him. On one hand his act is related to God because He has bestowed the power on him for doing or giving it up and if Allah wills He can stop him from doing whatever it is he intends to do, and on the other hand it is related to him because he can choose between doing a...




Depending on the contexts, freedom has different meanings and the limits of freedom are different with the difference of its meanings:
1- Freedom in the sense of existential independence, something exclusive to an absolute being and to God, the Exalted who is not constrained by anything.
2- Freedom in the sense of free will which is a philosophical and theological concept. That is...





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We have learned this lesson from our pure Imams, peace be upon them. Whenever they were asked, “Does anything exist between fatalism and conferring?” They said, “Yea. More extensive than the distance between heaven and earth.” 1

[1] See Usul Kafi, vol. l, p. 121
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