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1) Punishment from Allah (swt) is a result of man willingly disregarding divine guidance and not listening to the call of the ''outer'' and "inner" messengers.

2) The knowledge of Allah (swt) regarding the way His creatures will act in different situations, does not interfere with them being forced to choose the action in question, and in other words, Allah&#...


1) Punishment from Allah (swt) is a result of man willingly disregarding divine guidance and not listening to the call of the ''outer'' and "inner" messengers.
2) The knowledge of Allah (swt) regarding the way His creatures will act in different situations, in no way results in them being forced to take that method of action, and in other words, Allah's know...


Religious belief can never agree with fatalism, religious programs, as well, are all altered by accepting this school of thought.
How can we reconcile the justice of God with the school of fatalism? How is it possible that God obliges someone to do an evil deed? Then punishes him because he did it. This does not agree with any kind of logic!
Thus, by accepting the school of fatali...


Your question can be answered by understanding the real meaning of freewill. Freewill means the ability to choose good or bad without any influence from anybody or any factor or reason but out of one’s own decision. The choice to be good or to be bad is a result of many factors, all of them directly related to the one who decides and not to anybody or anything else. Some of these factors ...


It can't be denied that human has authority over doing or giving up an act according to the power which God has bestowed on him. On one hand his act is related to God because He has bestowed the power on him for doing or giving it up and if Allah wills He can stop him from doing whatever it is he intends to do, and on the other hand it is related to him because he can choose between doing a...



Allah mentions in the Holy Qur’an that the purpose behind creation of human-beings was that they receive His infinite Mercies and Bounties. Man’s creation does not benefit Allah Ta’ala in the least bit. He is Absolutely Needless. Asking for a choice brings to mind the case of children who are unsuccessful at their studies and wish to run away. The child is not in a position to...



independence, something exclusive to an absolute being and to God, the Exalted who is not constrained by anything.
2- Freedom in the sense of free will which is a philosophical and theological concept. That is, man is free and he acts of his free will although he might be bound by some legal and religious limits.
3- Legal freedom (freedom to choose a residence, clothing, job, wife a...

Like the other creations. Man and angels are also the creatures of Allah. The only difference is that Man has some extraordinary capabilities, which the angels do not have. In addition to this the angels are created in such a way that they are free from selfish desires. Apart from this the animals do not have reasoning capacity, they only possess animal desires but both these abilities are pres...



1. The Holy Quran praises man (mankind) in many ways, while, on the other hand, scolding and reproaching him in various verses. 2. Because of man's high potential, he is able to reach and ascend to the highest levels and ranks, and at the same time, is capable of sinking to the lowest. 3. Man is made up of two elements; one is his spiritual being and the other is, his materialistic being an...





In many verses there is mention of the unbelievers’ and hypocrites’ hearts, eyes, and ears being sealed and of the sinful and perverse being misled. Khatm and tab’ [both meaning “seal”] denote ending, stamping a seal, imprinting, printing, and rendering things in certain shapes.
Heart in some instances denotes the particular organ of the body-i.e., the corpo...


and by making use of this great Divine kindness, one can transform one’s self.

Thus, at the same time that we have free choice and a free will, we are in His grasp and we will never move beyond His realm. At the same time that we have strength and power, we are dependent upon Him and without Him, we will be destroyed and this is what ‘the middle way’ means because neit...


The human being is a contingent existent who derives his existence and existential qualities from Allah. Allah has, by His generative will (irada takwini), created him as a volitional creature and has thus distinguished him from all other creatures. Hence, the human being is the highest being addressed by Allah’s legislative will (irada tashri’i) and as such, has been given permissi...