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Lady Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.)
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Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.), the Blessed and the Gracious Divine Lady among the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S), was born in the holy city of Medina on the First Day of the month of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H. Her father was Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S), the Seventh Imam, and Imam Rida (A.S), the Eighth infallible Imam was her elder brother. Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.) was the most learned scholar and a very pious lady and was greatly revered by the Holy Imams (A.S). She was buried in the holy city of Qum. [1]

Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.), the Blessed and the Gracious Divine Lady among the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S), was born in the holy city of Medina on the First Day of the month of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H. Her father was Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S), the Seventh Imam, and Imam Rida (A.S), the Eighth infallible Imam was her elder brother. Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.) was the most learned scholar and a very pious lady and was greatly revered by the Holy Imams (A.S). She was buried in the holy city of Qum. 

Scientific status

She was taught all the Islamic sciences by Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S) and Imam Rida (A.S) and she transmitted ahadith (traditions) from them. She became famous as Aalimah (the Learned Lady) and Muhaddithah (the Learned Lady who transmitted Ahadith).

Virtues of Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.)

She was always busy in performing Salaat (prayers) and kept fast most of the days. She was greatly respected and revered by her holy father Imam Musa al-Kazim (AS) and her elder brother Imam Rida (AS). She becomes famous as Ma’sumah (the Immaculate) during her lifetime.
Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) has quoted

"By the intercession of Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.) all my Shias will enter the paradise". [2]


Demise of Hadrat Ma’sumahh (S.A.):

In the year 200 A.H. a year after the forced migration of Imam Rida (AS) from Medina to Marw in Khurasan by the reigning Abbasid caliph Mamun, Hadrat Ma’sumah accompanied by her brothers left Medina for Khurasan to meet her elder brother Imam Rida (AS).
On her way to Khurasan, Hadrat Ma’sumah (S.A.) became severely ill and in this condition, she migrated to Qum where the Shias of the city warmly welcomed her. The effect of sickness increased during her short stay in Qum and she passed away on 10th of Rabi al-Thani 201 A.H. Hadrat Ma’sumahh (S.A.) had great longing to meet her brother Imam Rida (AS) but due to her sudden death she could not meet him. [3]

In the year 200 A.H. a year after the forced migration of Imam Rida (AS) from Medina to Marw in Khurasan by the reigning Abbasid caliph Mamun, Hadrat Ma’sumah accompanied by her brothers left Medina for Khurasan to meet her elder brother Imam Rida (AS). On her way to Khurasan, Hadrat Ma’sumah (S.A.) became severely ill and in this condition, she migrated to Qum where the Shias of the city warmly welcomed her. The effect of sickness increased during her short stay in Qum and she passed away on 10th of Rabi al-Thani 201 A.H. Hadrat Ma’sumahh (S.A.) had great longing to meet her brother Imam Rida (AS) but due to her sudden death she could not meet him. 

The Merits of the Ziyarah of Hadrat Fatima Ma’sumahh (S.A.):

There are many traditions from the Holy Imams (AS) recommending the Shias to perform the Ziyarah of the holy grave of Hadrat Ma’sumah (S.A.) in the holy city of Qum.
Imam Ali al-Rida (AS) said:

"Whoever performs the Ziyarah of Fatima Ma’sumah (S.A.) will be awarded heaven". [4]


Imam Ali al-Rida (AS) said:

"Whoever performs the Ziyarah of 'Fatima Ma’sumah' with the knowledge of her status will attain paradise". [5]

[1] Mostadrak Safinat al-Bihar, p.261.
[2] Bihar al-Anwar, v.57, p.228: "وَ تُدْخَلُ بِشَفَاعَتِهَا شِيعَتِي الْجَنَّةَ بِأَجْمَعِهِمْ"
[3] Mostadrak Safinat al-Bihar, p.261.
[4] 'Uyun Akhbar al-Rida (A), v.2, p.267: "مَنْ زَارَهَا فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ"
[5] Bihar al-Anwar, v.48, p.317: " من زارها عارفاً بحقّها فله الجنة"

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مَن شَرُفَت هِمَّتُهُ عَظُمَت قِيمَتُهُ.
He whose ambition is lofty his value is heightened.